Régie du bâtiment du Québec

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According to our language policy​​​​​​​, only certain contents may be translated. Visit the French version to obtain all the information.

Building chapter from the Safety Code

Compliance with the applicable standards according to the year of construction

You must ensure that your building is compliant with the applicable standards, depending on its year of construction or alteration. These standards aim at the safety, the health or the protection of the buildings against fire and structural damages.

The standards of the Building chapter of the Safety Code apply in all the following cases:

  • The building is a new construction.
  • The building you become the owner of has the same use than at the time of its construction.
  • The present use of the building arises out of an alteration (for example, an office building having been converted in a rooming house).
  • The present use of the building arises out of a change of clients (for example, a senior’s residence intended for autonomous clients, converted into a senior’s residence intended for clients demanding assistance for eating, dressing up, etc.).

The applicable regulation

The applicable regulation varies according to the year of the construction or alteration of the building. It is recommended to consult an architect or an engineer in order to ensure the compliance of the building. Depending on its year of construction or alteration, the standard applicable is the one indicated in the table below.

Complete editions of all Québec construction codes can be downloaded free of charge using the links included in the table. Note that some editions are only available in French. Except for the Regulation respecting safety in public buildings and the Québec Construction Code, these links will redirect you to the National Research Council Canada’s virtual storeThis link open an external website of the Régie du bâtiment du Québec in a new window.. You will be required to create an account in order to access certain editions free of charge. Note as well that the 1985 and 1990 codes are available only in the document “Historical Editions of National Construction Codes (1941-1998)”. After downloading this document, go to the year involved and look up the document whose name starts with RBQ.

APPLICABLE REGULATION ACCORDING TO THE BUILDING’S YEAR OF CONSTRUCTION OR TRANSFORMATION
Period Applicable regulation
June 13, 2015 to the present Québec Construction Code, Building chapter (NBC 2010 amended – Québec)This link open an external website of the Régie du bâtiment du Québec in a new window.

May 17, 2008 to June 12, 2015

Québec Construction Code, Building chapter (NBC 2005 amended – Québec)This link open an external website of the Régie du bâtiment du Québec in a new window.
November 7, 2000 to May 16, 2008 Québec Construction Code, Building chapter (NBC 1995 amended – Québec)This link open an external website of the Régie du bâtiment du Québec in a new window.
November 11, 1993 to November 6, 2000 National Building Code of Canada 1990[Fr]This link open an external website of the Régie du bâtiment du Québec in a new window.
July 18, 1986 to November 10, 1993 National Building Code of Canada 1985[Fr]This link open an external website of the Régie du bâtiment du Québec in a new window.
May 25, 1984 to July 17, 1986 National Building Code of Canada 1980[Fr]This link open an external website of the Régie du bâtiment du Québec in a new window.
December 1st, 1976 to May 24, 1984 Québec Construction Code[Fr]This link open an external website of the Régie du bâtiment du Québec in a new window.

Prior to December 1st, 1976

Regulation respecting safety in public buildings[Fr]This link open an external website of the Régie du bâtiment du Québec in a new window.

More stringent standards for certain types of buildings

Do consider the standards of your municipality!

Your municipality could enact more stringent standards for the buildings located on its territory.

As per the Regulation to improve building safety, the private seniors’ residences, care occupancies and residential occupandies are subject to higher standards than the ones in effect at the time of the construction or alteration of the building.

Take further note that your municipality could enact more stringent standards for the buildings which are located on its territory. We advise to get informed in this regard.

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