This page describes all petroleum equipment referred to in the regulation enforced by the Régie du bâtiment du Québec (RBQ), including high-risk petroleum equipment, which is under tighter supervision.
The Chapters regarding Petroleum Equipment Installations of the Construction Code and the Safety Code apply to petroleum equipment as defined in section 8.01 of the Construction Code as any container, piping, apparatus or other equipment or device that may be used for the distribution, handling, transfer or storage of petroleum products, or forming part of a petroleum equipment installation.
Petroleum products are the following liquid blends of hydrocarbon: fuel vehicle, oxygenated automotive gasoline containing ethanol (E1-E10), automotive ethanol fuel (E50-E85), diesel fuel, biodiesel fuel, aviation fuel and heating fuel oil.
The word gasoline includes conventional blendstock for oxygenate blending (CBOB).
The word diesel fuel includes diesel fuel used as motor fuel in locomotives and ships.
It should be noted that certain hydrocarbon oils or flammable liquids sometimes stored in a depot are not petroleum products in the meaning of the Building Act. For example, crude oil and its refined products not intended for fuel purposes as well as denatured fuel ethanol intended for addition to automotive gasoline are not petroleum products. Thus, the tanks in which they are stored are not covered by the regulations of Chapter VIII of the Construction Code and Chapter VI of the Safety Code.
Petroleum equipment covered by the regulation includes many installations and type of equipment, such as:
However, a tank of crude oil or intermediate product from petroleum refining as well as a tank of denatured fuel ethanol or another flammable liquid not from refining are not petroleum equipment covered.
Equipment under tighter supervision during its installation and operation is called high-risk petroleum equipment. It is considered as such according to 4 risk factors:
The capacity of petroleum equipment that is joined, connected to or used with other petroleum equipment is determined by adding together their respective capacities.
|Type of petroleum equipment||Class 1 fuel||Class 2 fuel||Heating fuel oil|
|Underground||500 or more litres||500 or more litres||4,000 or more litresNote 1|
|Aboveground||2,500 or more litres||10,000 or more litres||10,000 or more litres|
|For trade purposes||Always considered high risk regardless of its storage capacity and the type of petroleum product it contains|
|Pipeline||Always considered high risk regardless of its storage capacity and the type of petroleum product it contains|
A pipeline is defined in section 8.01 of the Construction Code as an intra-provincial structure in which a petroleum product is transported including the pipes, the components and any other related apparatus that are connected to the pipes, as well as isolation valves used in the stations and other installations marking the beginning and end of said structure.
All pipelines are considered high-risk petroleum equipment under section 8.01.
Construction work on pipelines must be carried out in accordance with CAN/CSA-Z662 standard, Oil and gas pipeline systems, and with the provisions of sections 8.08 to 8.22 of Chapter VIII of the Construction Code.
Piping connecting a marine wharf to a storage tank is not a pipeline under section 8.01.
Piping and tanks connected to pipelines are also excluded from the definition of pipeline.
The following pipelines are not covered by the RBQ’s regulation: