Régie du bâtiment du Québec

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Petroleum equipment covered

This page describes all petroleum equipment referred to in the regulation enforced by the Régie du bâtiment du Québec (RBQ), including high-risk petroleum equipment, which is under tighter supervision.

The Chapters regarding Petroleum Equipment Installations of the Construction Code and the Safety Code apply to petroleum equipment as defined in section 8.01 of the Construction Code as any container, piping, apparatus or other equipment or device that may be used for the distribution, handling, transfer or storage of petroleum products, or forming part of a petroleum equipment installation.

Petroleum products are the following liquid blends of hydrocarbon: fuel vehicle, oxygenated automotive gasoline containing ethanol (E1-E10), automotive ethanol fuel (E50-E85), diesel fuel, biodiesel fuel, aviation fuel and heating fuel oil.

The word gasoline includes conventional blendstock for oxygenate blending (CBOB).

The word diesel fuel includes diesel fuel used as motor fuel in locomotives and ships.

It should be noted that certain hydrocarbon oils or flammable liquids sometimes stored in a depot are not petroleum products in the meaning of the Building Act. For example, crude oil and its refined products not intended for fuel purposes as well as denatured fuel ethanol intended for addition to automotive gasoline are not petroleum products. Thus, the tanks in which they are stored are not covered by the regulations of Chapter VIII of the Construction Code and Chapter VI of the Safety Code.

Examples

Petroleum equipment covered by the regulation includes many installations and type of equipment, such as:

  • 4-litres portable red fuel tanks (jerrycan)
  • tanks with a capacity of millions of litres storing fuel or oil in a depot
  • tanks supplying a burner with heating fuel oil or a generator with diesel fuel
  • equipment used in service stations (underground tanks, underground piping, motor fuel dispensers)
  • pipelines used to transport petroleum products over long distances within Québec territory.

However, a tank of crude oil or intermediate product from petroleum refining as well as a tank of denatured fuel ethanol or another flammable liquid not from refining are not petroleum equipment covered.

Exceptions

As specified in section 8.03 of Chapter VII of the Construction Code, apparatus or equipment intended to use a petroleum product, like heating appliances or generators, are not subject to the chapters regarding Petroleum equipment installations of the Construction Code and the Safety Code. The installation and use of these apparatus or this equipment might be covered by another regulation of the RBQ, or of another department, organization or municipality.

High-risk petroleum equipment

Equipment under tighter supervision during its installation and operation is called high-risk petroleum equipment. It is considered as such according to 4 risk factors:

  • its storage capacity
  • whether it’s aboveground or underground
  • its use
  • the petroleum product it contains (Class 1 fuel, Class 2 fuel, heating fuel oil).

The capacity of petroleum equipment that is joined, connected to or used with other petroleum equipment is determined by adding together their respective capacities.

Minimum storage capacity if the equipment is considered high-risk according to the type of equipment and the petroleum product it contains
Type of petroleum equipmentClass 1 fuelClass 2 fuelHeating fuel oil
Underground500 or more litres500 or more litres4,000 or more litresNote 1
Aboveground2,500 or more litres10,000 or more litres10,000 or more litres
For trade purposesAlways considered high risk regardless of its storage capacity and the type of petroleum product it contains
PipelineAlways considered high risk regardless of its storage capacity and the type of petroleum product it contains

Pipelines

A pipeline is defined in section 8.01 of the Construction Code as an intra-provincial structure in which a petroleum product is transported including the pipes, the components and any other related apparatus that are connected to the pipes, as well as isolation valves used in the stations and other installations marking the beginning and end of said structure.

All pipelines are considered high-risk petroleum equipment under section 8.01.

Construction work on pipelines must be carried out in accordance with CAN/CSA-Z662 standard, Oil and gas pipeline systems, and with the provisions of sections 8.08 to 8.22 of Chapter VIII of the Construction Code.

Exclusions

Piping connecting a marine wharf to a storage tank is not a pipeline under section 8.01.

Piping and tanks connected to pipelines are also excluded from the definition of pipeline.

Pipelines not subject to the regulation

The following pipelines are not covered by the RBQ’s regulation:

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