Régie du bâtiment du Québec
Sections: Chapter VIII, Building, of the Québec Safety Code
Subject: care occupancies
Purpose: clarify the regulatory requirements
Concerned stakeholders: owners and managers of care occupancies
Date of publication: October 2019
Here are the particulars applicable to health care occupancies and residential board and care occupancies. Visit the Private seniors’ residences (PSR) page if your occupancy has been accredited by the ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux.
These requirements apply to the following types of health care occupancies:
The exit staircases, means of egress and public corridors must be equipped with an emergency lighting system which can be maintained operative during a failure or outage of the electrical system. In the case of residential board and care occupancies designed as per 18.104.22.168., this system must be capable of being maintained operative for at least 30 minutes. In the case of health care occupancies, the emergency lighting must be in operation for 2 hours during a failure or outage. Be sure to upgrade the emergency lighting system of your building so that it meets the requirements and standards pursuant to the National Building Code (NBC) 1995.
If your residential board and care occupancy is designed as per article 22.214.171.124. of the NBC 1995 or of the NBC 2005, both as amended for the province of Quebec, that is where no more than 30 persons may sleep, and if this building comprises no more than 3 storeys, the following requirements shall apply to it:
Your municipality could enact more stringent standards for the buildings located on its territory.
The building must be compliant with the standards in effect at the time of its construction and also with the requirements of the National Fire Code.
Furthermore, if your occupancy is equipped with an underground or aboveground multistorey garage, or if it comprises 5 aboveground storeys or more, some other requirements of the Regulation will apply to the building. Make sure you are in compliance with these. Become familiar with these requirements by referring to the pages entitled Maintenance and inspection of façades and Maintenance and inspection of multistorey garages..
The owners must also ensure that they are in compliance with the provisions from the other chapters of the Safety Code: control of the hot water temperature [Fr], verification and maintenance of the elevators [Fr], hoists [Fr], lifts for persons with physical disabilities [Fr], installation of antiflooding devices [Fr], etc.
Take further note that your municipality could enact more stringent standards for the buildings located on its territory. We advise to get informed in this regard.